作为教学设计师,编写测验问题是工作的最棘手的部分之一。要提出有效的问题,有助于确定学习者是否了解材料并可以将其应用于其工作,您必须首先反思学习目标以及它们如何在课程内容中呈现。

It’s common for course designers to spend so much time coming up with the quiz questions that the不正确answer options (often referred to as “distractors”) are almost an afterthought. One way to combat this is to flip your course design process on its head and design the quiz questions first—before you build out the core course content. That way you can be sure your content aligns with the quiz questions right from the start.

另一个好的策略是避免匆忙的穿过the quiz-designing phase at the end to meet your delivery deadline. Hurrying this step often results in incorrect answers that are obviously wrong, defeating the purpose of the quiz. After all, the point of quizzing learners is to make sure they know the correct answer—not to put them through a tedious exercise.

那么,你如何提出合理的不正确答案,这并不是太明显,也不太微妙?在这篇文章中,我会走一些可以提供帮助的最佳实践。

1. Base Answer Options on Real-Life Situations

这个词是合理的字面意思是“看似合理或可能的。”当您编写错误的答案时,请思考自己:Is this something that sounds reasonable? Is this something that someone would actually do?

确保您错误答案似乎合法的最简单方法是将他们基于现实生活中的呼叫。使用这些错误作为您不正确的答案。记住,绗缝的目标不是欺骗他们,而是为了提出一些现实的选择,看看他们是否在课程中学到的东西。

2.与合适的人交谈

Coming up with plausible incorrect answer options is even more challenging if you don’t have well-rounded, broad-based information. If you find yourself in that situation, consider reaching out to the following people for input:

  • 主题专家:如果您可以访问课程主题专家的人,请与他们交谈!他们肯定会有一些现实生活的例子分享。
  • 您的客户:要求您创建本课程的人可能会出于某种原因。如果是因为人们没有正确做事,你可以要求他们详细说明他们看到人们的错误。
  • 你的学习者:如果他们需要在这一主题上培训,那就是它的机会,因为他们缺乏这个领域的知识或技能。如果可能的话,与一些学习者交谈,并查看他们目前的知识或技能水平在哪里。这样做可以让你深入了解他们可能正在制作的错误。

与更接近主题的人交谈可以帮助您更好地了解事物通常越来越远离轨道的地方,这可以使其更容易提出合理的分心者的想法。

3. Ask the Right Questions

当您与上面提到的人聊天时,请务必提出开放式问题。然后,让他们说话。请参加详细说明或询问您是否可以录制会议。你永远不知道脱手的评论会有所帮助。以下有些问题可以获得谈话滚动:

对于中小企业和经理:

  • What are some common Topic X–related mistakes you’ve seen people make?
  • What are some commonly held myths or misconceptions about Topic X?

为学习者:

  • 关于主题x的事情是什么,这总是困惑你?
  • What’s something you’ve always wondered about Topic X?
  • 告诉我你一段时间你做了一个关于x相关的错误的时间。
  • 什么障碍妨碍了你执行x任务的方式(实现课程的目标)?

Don’t be afraid to ask follow-up questions. Let the conversation flow freely. When a response ends naturally, go back to your list of questions and start again.

The Bottom Line

坐下来询问有关人们在现实生活中的错误的尖锐问题可能需要时间,但这是提出合理错误答案的最佳方式,这将真正测试您的学习者的知识。如果这是你测验的目的,它会花时间很多。

想要更多创建有效测验的提示?查看这些有用的资源:

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